Outdoor and bush information
The Victoria Police Search and Rescue Squad (SAR) has created this page to provide people with information about outdoor and bush safety. Victoria Police recommends people always plan or the unplanned. Always leave a trip intention forms with someone who can raise the alarm if you do not make it back in time. The squad recommend people always pack extra food, water and clothes for inclement conditions as you never know when the weather might change.
Trip Intentions Form
Filling out a trip intentions form could save your life. The form should be completed and left with a reliable friend, family member or responsible authority. The contact person you nominate will raise the alarm if you haven't returned and/or contacted them by the time indicated on the form.
DOWNLOAD TRIP INTENTIONS FORM
Plan your trip
Know your limitations
Physical, medical, experience, skills for area.
Travel within you ability and knowledge of area.
Have a trip intention plan
Leave a copy in your vehicle and with a reliable person.
Fill out trip intentions books if available.
Notify that person if you change your plans.
Always carry sufficient water for trip - day and overnight trips.
Carry more water than you will need, plan for emergencies.
Stay hydrated and do not rely on creeks unless you have reliable information.
Dress for conditions, bring extra and have wet weather clothing available.
Always have enough to cover you for the worst-case scenario.
Weather conditions in wilderness environments are sometime unpredictable.
Always have a map and compass.
GPS and mobile phones help but they do not replace experience.
Bush walking clubs are a good way to advance your experience and knowledge.
Always check a current weather report but do not rely on it, plan for worst-case scenario by carrying extra food, water, clothing and equipment.
Suggested equipment list
1. Suitable backpack
2. Map (current) and compass. GPS (extra batteries) learn how to use before leaving on trip
3. Headlamp, spare batteries and bulb
5. Correct clothing - Seek advice outdoor stores, bush walking clubs.
6. Extra clothing
7. Extra food and water
8. Have correct footwear - wear in before long bush walks
9. Water proof matches and container
10. Candle/fire starter
11. Pocket knife
12. First aid kit - individual and group
13. Tent or bivvy bag
14. Large rubbish bag for emergency shelter and keeping equipment dry in you pack
15. Note book and pencil
16. Sunglasses/sun hat/sunscreen
17. Mobile phone - Be aware it will not always have coverage
18. Emergency Position Indicating Beacon EPIRB 406 http://beacons.amsa.gov.au
19. Senses of adventure but know your limitations.
Common factors which contribute to persons being lost
1. Planning, Lack of planning or no planning of trip
2. Terrain, hazards such as cliffs, rivers which may delay or cause injury
3. Weather, poor weather in area of search, hypothermia or hyperthermia
4. Equipment, poor Equipment - failure of or inappropriate for area
5. Ability, over confidant - skill ability not proven for particular terrain
6. Decision-making, lack of leadership within party - leading to poor decisions. Once lost walking in one direction believing they will come across civilization eventually
7. Fatigue, leading to poor decisions or injury
8. Physical ablity, poor physical condition
9. Lack of food or water, contributing to fatigue and poor decision making
10. Medical, preexisting or accident during trip
11. Technology, over reliance in technology EG GPS flat batteries / mobile phones - no coverage
12. Underestimating route, causing delay and/or unable to identify terrain hazards
13. No map / compass, contributing to disorientation of person/s
What to do if you become lost
Stop and think. Stay calm
Recheck navigation and map
Re track steps a short distance may assist. Locate your last known point if possible
Gain some height may assist in orientation
If above does not help STAY WHERE YOU ARE
Find shelter stay warm and dry
Attempt to make your position visible to searchers land and air. For example, fire or bright clothing in open area that can be seen by air searchers
If you are in a group stay together, never separate
Be aware it can take a considerable time for rescuers to reach you so your priority is to remain warm and dry, ration your food and water if necessary.
If you are lost or require help phone Triple Zero (000).