Areas of Forensic Science
Release date: Tue 10 April 2012
Last updated: Mon 13 February 2017
What forensic science services are provided by the Forensic Services Department?
Audio Visual: extraction, recovery, repair, enhancement and analysis of audio and video recordings including CCTV and images;
Ballistics: examination of crime scenes involving firearms; firearms, ammunition and component examination and comparison; firearms identification safety and function, striated toolmark comparison,
Biological Sciences: For major crime - detection and identification of biological material such as blood, semen and hair; bloodstain pattern analysis on exhibits and at scenes. For property crime - detection and identification of biological material such as blood, semen and hair. For all biological cases - DNA profiling of samples and comparison of profiles from victims, suspects, convicted offenders, scenes and comparisons to the National DNA database ;
Botany: botanical identification of plant material including cannabis and opium poppies; yield estimates of cannabis crops for usable material; examination of trace botanical material from crimes; identification of poisonous/psycho active plants,
Chemical, Biological and Radiological/Disaster Victim Identification: processing crime scenes of a chemical, biological or radiological incident; locate, photograph, record and collect human remains at scenes with a number of deceased with questioned identity;
Chemical Trace: identification and/or comparison of materials such as glass, paint, plastics, fibres, and chemical irritants (e.g. pepper spray);
Clandestine Laboratories: analysis and interpretation of chemicals and equipment from illegal drug laboratories;
Criminal Identification: preparation of facial composites based on witness descriptions; cranio-facial reconstructions; assistance with preparation of interactive graphic presentations of evidence;
DNA Management Unit: management of collection of DNA samples throughout Victoria; sharing DNA information nationally and internationally; notification to investigators of DNA links to unsolved crimes; co-ordination of Ante-Mortem collection from relatives of long-term missing persons;
Document Examination: handwriting and signature comparisons; examination of machine generated documents; examination of documents for alterations, obliterations and indentations;
Drug Analysis: identification of drugs and poisons; determining the quantity of the drug; reporting of chemical drugs intelligence data;
Fingerprints: development of latent fingerprints and comparison to the NAFIS fingerprint database and to fingerprints taken from persons of interest;
Fire and Explosion Investigation: investigation of fires and explosions through scene examinations and laboratory analyses of exhibits, to determine the cause of the fire or explosion;
Major Crime scene: at major crime scenes, scene searching, collection of exhibits and recording the scenes using photography and video; recording, enhancement and comparison of shoe, tyre and tool impressions;
Microscopy: sampling persons, scenes and items for gunshot residue and subsequent analysis;
Photographic Processing: production of prints for Court for Victoria Police;
Vehicle Examination: examination of suspect vehicles and other items to establish original identity;
Office of the Chief Forensic Scientist: management of the research, development and innovation (RD&I) and education and training strategies of the Forensic Services Department.
Victoria Police Centre 637 Flinders Street Melbourne 3005 | Ph 03 9247 6666 | Fax 03 9247 5727
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