Weapons Search Areas
Release date: Tue 9 October 2012
Last updated: Tue 12 August 2014
Recent changes to the Control of Weapons Act 1990 provide members of Victoria Police with the power to search persons for weapons in public places in temporarily designated areas.
What is a weapon?
The Control of Weapons Act is the framework for the control of non-firearm weapons. The Act defines weapons and divides them into three categories. Further information on the definition of weapon and obtaining approval to possess, use, carry, manufacture, display, sell, advertise for sale or import a prohibited weapon is available in the Control of Weapons Act and on Victoria Police's Weapons Information Pages.
What is a designated area?
Victoria Police may declare a public area to be designated for up to 12 hours.
There are two types of designated area: 'planned' and 'unplanned'.
Victoria Police may declare an area if the Chief Commissioner (or his delegate) is satisfied that:
Notice of this declaration is advertised in the Government Gazette and a daily newspaper at least seven days before the area is designated for searches to occur.
Victoria Police may declare an area if the Chief Commissioner (or his delegate) is satisfied that it is likely that violence or disorder with a weapon will happen in the area when it is designated and it is necessary to declare the area to prevent or discourage violence or disorder with a weapon happening.
What powers does Victoria Police have in the designated area?
Within the designated area, during the period of time declared, members of Victoria Police have the power to:
Can I refuse to be searched?
It is an offence to obstruct or hinder a search under s 10L of the Control of Weapons Act 1990.
When a person or a person's vehicle is being searched in a designated area, a member of the police force must give the person a notice. This notice states that the person or vehicle is in a public place that has been designated and briefly outlines the powers of police officers in the designated area.
Compliments and complaints
For information on how to submit a compliment or complaint about the actions or behaviour of a member of Victoria Police, please refer to Victoria Police Compliments and Complaints.