Children are victims of family violence
The Victorian Family Violence Protection (Vic) Act 2008 includes provisions to protect children.
Although protective parents or carers often make significant attempts to protect their children from the full impact of family violence, research, has shown that children, even infants, nearly always know about the violence and are affected.
For more information see the Royal Commission Report into Family Violence Vol 2.
How family violence affects children
Children can be affected by family violence directly by:
- Physical injury (for e.g. while being held or trying to intervene or during pregnancy).
- Being fearful for themselves or their protective parent or carer, siblings or pets.
- Having sleeping or eating difficulties.
- Having problems with school because they can't focus.
- Being isolated from friends extended family and community.
As reported to the Royal Commission into Family Violence, there is also a high co-occurrence of family violence and other types of direct serious abuse of children including:
- Physical assault, including higher rates of the use of excessive discipline.
- Threats toward a child or protective parent being used to frighten, punish or silence other victims.
- Exposure to developmentally inappropriate sexual experiences, including grooming and sexual assault.
If you are worried about how your relationship with your partner is affecting your children, seek advice and help.
What police do to protect children
The safety of children is paramount, as children are the most vulnerable individuals in any family.
When family violence is reported to Victoria Police, police will take action to protect children.
The Code of Practice for Investigation into Family Violence requires police to:
- Include children on Family Violence Safety Notices and applications for Family Violence Intervention Orders.
- Make referrals for all members of the family including children.
- Report child abuse to DHHS Child Protection Service.
- Investigate any crimes including those perpetrated against children.
Child Protection Service
Police are mandated to report suspected child abuse or where there is a reasonable belief that a child is in need of protection to the Child Protection Service (DHHS).
The Child Protection Service is part of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) and is governed by the Children Youth and Families (Vic) Act 2005.
Child Protection is responsible for assessing and investigating any notification made by Victoria Police.
Whenever children are at risk due to family violence, Victoria Police routinely will make referrals to non-govenment services such as:
- Specialist family violence services.
- Child First and Family Services.
Some parents pro-actively seek advice from these services. You can use the links on these pages to learn more about what they offer and call services yourself.
If you or your children are Aboriginal, there are Aboriginal-community controlled organsations that can help the whole family including advocating to child protection.
See information sheet and web page on Family Violence for Aboriginal Communities for more information and services.
For information about what police do in community languages, see the publications page.
In an emergency call Triple Zero (000).
For more information about how family violence can impact on children see:
Some service that help children and young people are:
- Bursting the Bubble a web site for children and young people about living with violence inflicted towards a parent.
- Kid's Help Line 1800 551 800 provides telephone support for children and young people.
- Headspace a mental health support service for young people.
- e-safety Commissioner for information about on-line safety.
For more information see