It is defined by a series of behaviours through which someone imposes themselves into another person’s life in a way which causes distress, fear, and disruption.
Non-Family Violence (NFV) Stalking relates to stalking by a person who is:
- either unknown to the victim or is an acquaintance (friend of a friend, friend of a relative etc.)
- a current or ex-colleague (work-related acquaintance)
- a neighbour
- or any person with which the victim has never had an intimate, personal relationship with.
When there is no immediate danger, report:
- directly to a police officer by contacting you , or
- online through where the alleged stalking occurs mainly online
The signs of stalking
Stalking is complex, which can make it difficult to recognise the level of risk.
Non-Family Violence (NFV) Stalking is often made up of a series of behaviours, which, when viewed by themselves, may not be an offence.
Some examples are sending unwanted flowers, or mailing letters that do not include threats.
Non-family violence stalking can include a range of behaviours.
They may include one or all of below:
Someone coming to your home, workplace or any other location you regularly go to.
They may follow you between these locations or be seen loitering outside.
Contacting you by phone, computer, another electronic device or platform to:
- threaten you
- menace you
- or harass you.
Sexual harassment or discrimination through unwelcome advances or requests of a sexual nature.
Sending or delivering unwanted gifts or written correspondence, such as letters or cards.
The actions of another person making you fear for your safety or causing you to make changes to your everyday life to try to deter their behaviour.
You may be:
- taking different routes to home or work
- adding security measures to your home
- moving house entirely, or
- changing the way you socialise with family or friends
What to expect when contacting police
Victoria Police is here to support you.
We record all reports of Non-Family Violence (NFV) Stalking, even if they are not considered criminal.
When talking with police, they can:
- discuss your options
- assess the risks and put safety strategies in place
- provide you with referrals to support services
Improving the way we identify stalking and protect victims
Victoria Police is the first police force in Australia to trial a new tool which will better protect victims of stalking.
- prioritise investigations
- manage risks, and
- put in appropriate safety planning for victims.
Local Crime Investigation Units (CIU) will take on high-risk cases, with frontline officers managing cases assessed as moderate or low risk. The CIU will oversee moderate-risk cases.
Participating officers in the trial receive specialist training from a stalking expert to shift their thinking from identifying crime to recognising, understanding, and responding to the behaviours and risks posed to victims of stalking.
Reviewed 25 October 2023