VicPol Corporate

Private Security Authority Types, Eligibility and Training

This page contains information about private security licence types and eligibility requirements.

Private security licence types

There are three types of activities you can undertake under a private security licence. These licence types are:

  • You must be the holder of a private security individual licence to perform Class A activities. You must be the holder of a private security business licence to provide the services of other persons who hold individual licences to perform Class A activities.

    Activities include:

    • Investigator
    • Bodyguard
    • Crowd controller
    • Security guard(including sub-activities)
    • Private security trainer 

  • You must be the holder of a private security individual registration to perform Class B activities. You must be the holder of a private security business registration to provide the services of other persons who hold individual registrations to perform Class B activities.         

    Activities include:

    • Security equipment installer (CCTV, Security Cameras, Security alarm, safes, vaults etc)
    • Security adviser – a person employed to provide advice in relation to security equipment, security methods or principles.
  • Security guard activities compromise of six-sub-activities. These activities are:

    • Unarmed guard
    • Armed guard
    • Cash in transit
    • Control room operator
    • Monitoring room operator
    • Guard with a dog

    For further information on sub-activities, please refer to Sub-activities and security guards

Eligibility

To be eligible for a private security licence or registration in Victoria, you must:

  • be 18 years or over
  • be a resident of Australia or be the holder of a current visa (with relevant work rights)
  • undertake a National Police Check which requires the recording of your fingerprints (licence applicants only)
  • provide certified copies of International Police Checks from any other country you have resided in for a period of more than 12 months over the previous 10 years since turning 16 years of age. International police checks will only be accepted from:
    • the Embassy or Consulate General of the relevant country; or
    • the relevant police agency of the relevant country; or
    • the check provided to the Department of Home Affairs at the time of visa lodgement.
  • not be a prohibited person
  • be a fit and proper person – this includes not having any medical condition or history with police that would hinder your employment within the industry
  • demonstrate competency for working in the security industry by completing training relevant to the private security activity or activities you wish to be licensed for with a training organisation approved by the Licensing and Regulation Division
  • provide two written references outlining your suitability for employment within the private security industry

Interstate eligibility

  • To work in Victoria, you must have a current Victorian private security licence and/or registration or be the holder of a Temporary Visitor Permit.

    If you hold a current private security licence issued in another Australian State or Territory and you wish to apply for Victorian licence/registration, you must complete a Mutual Recognition Application formand supply supporting documents, including a certified copy of your current interstate licence.

    Licences sought under mutual recognition can only be issued for equivalent activities that you are licensed for interstate. Victorian licences will not be issued on provisional licences from interstate.

    Interstate licence holders who wish to work in Victoria for a special event may apply for a Temporary Interstate Visitor Permit.

  • Individuals or businesses may apply for an Interstate Visitor Permit if they wish to work in Victoria for a special event.

    Applicants for this permit must:

    • ordinarily reside in another State or Territory
    • hold a current interstate licence for the activities applied for
    • be applying to work as a security guard, crowd controller, bodyguard and/or investigator temporarily in Victoria for the duration of a special event

    Note:  A special event is defined as an event of social, cultural, sporting, political or economic significance to the State of Victoria that takes place for a specific period of time.

    Temporary permits cannot be renewed and will only be issued for the duration of a special event.

    Overseas bodyguards may apply for a temporary overseas bodyguard visitor permit.

Ability to work while waiting for my plastic licence

If you are renewing your private security licence, you can still work while waiting for your renewal application to be processed and finalised. You or your employer can check the validity of your licence by checking the public register of licence, registration and permit holders.

If you have completed your renewal application and are still waiting to receive your new plastic licence card you should carry your expired licence together with your receipted payment notice.

Training requirements

If you are applying for a private security individual operator licence, you must have done one of the following:

  • successfully completed the approved training requirements
  • have your experience or training approved by the Chief Commissioner as relevant to each activity
  • any aspect of each such activity that a person is authorised to carry on under the licence

Only training that has been completed with an approved Registered Training Organisation will be accepted for licensing purposes.

Entry to CPP31318 Certificate III in Security Operations is conditional. Please contact an approved Registered Training Organisation or the Australian Skills Quality Authority (ASQA) for further information. 

There are no training requirements to hold a private security individual registration for either security equipment installer and/or security advisor.

Competencies for licensing activities

    • CPPSEC2101 – Apply effective communication skills to maintain security
    • CPPSEC2102 – Apply legal and procedural requirements to work effectively within a security team
    • CPPSEC2103 – Apply WHS, emergency response and evacuation procedures to maintain security
    • CPPSEC2104 – Apply risk assessment to select and carry out response to security risk situations
    • CPPSEC2105 – Provide quality services to a range of security clients
    • CPPSEC2106 – Protect self and others using basic defensive techniques
    • CPPSEC2107 – Patrol premises to monitor property and maintain security
    • CPPSEC2108 – Screen people, personal effects and items to maintain security
    • CPPSEC2109 – Monitor and control access and exit of persons and vehicles from premises
    • CPPSEC2110 – Monitor and control individual and crowd to behaviour to maintain security
    • CPPSEC2111 – Apply security procedures to manage intoxicated persons
    • CPPSEC2112 – Apply security procedures to remove persons from premise
    • CPPSEC2113 – Escort and protect persons and valuables
    • HLTAID003 – Provide first aid
    • BSBFLM312 – Contribute to team effectiveness
    • CPPSEC3101 – Manage conflict and security risks through negotiation
    • CPPSEC3102 – Maintain operational safety and security of work environment
    • CPPSEC3103 – Determine and implement response to security risk situation
    • CPPSEC3104 – Coordinate monitoring and control of individual and crowd behaviour
    • CPPSEC3105 – Coordinate Provision of quality security services to clients
    • CPPSEC3106 – Gather, organise and present security information and documentation
    • HLTWHS003 – Maintain work health and safety
    • CPPSEC3114 – Control security risk situations using firearms
    • CPPSEC3115 – Carry, Operate and maintain revolvers for security purposes
    • CPPSEC3116 – Carry, Operate and maintain semi-automatic pistols for security purposes
    • CPPSEC3110 – Control persons using batons
    • CPPSEC3111 – Restrain persons using handcuffs
    • CPPSEC3125 – Implement security procedures to protect critical infrastructure and public assets
    • BSBFLM312 – Contribute to team effectiveness
    • CPPSEC3101 – Manage conflict and security risks through negotiation
    • CPPSEC3102 – Maintain operational safety and security of work environment
    • CPPSEC3103 – Determine and implement response to security risk situation
    • CPPSEC3104 – Coordinate monitoring and control of individual and crowd behaviour
    • CPPSEC3105 – Coordinate Provision of quality security services to clients
    • CPPSEC3106 – Gather, organise and present security information and documentation
    • HLTWHS003 – Maintain work health and safety
    • CPPSEC3114 – Control security risk situations using firearms
    • CPPSEC3115 – Carry, Operate and maintain revolvers for security purposes
    • CPPSEC3116 – Carry, Operate and maintain semi-automatic pistols for security purposes
    • CPPSEC3118 – Inspect and test cash-in-transit security equipment
    • CPPSEC3119 – Implement cash-in-transit security procedures
    • CPPSEC3120 – Load and unload cash-in-transit in secured and unsecured environments
    • BSBFLM312 – Contribute to team effectiveness
    • CPPSEC3101 – Manage conflict and security risks through negotiation
    • CPPSEC3102 – Maintain operational safety and security of work environment
    • CPPSEC3103 – Determine and implement response to security risk situation
    • CPPSEC3104 – Coordinate monitoring and control of individual and crowd behaviour
    • CPPSEC3105 – Coordinate Provision of quality security services to clients
    • CPPSEC3106 – Gather, organise and present security information and documentation
    • HLTWHS003 – Maintain work health and safety
    • CPPSEC3114 – Control security risk situations using firearms
    • CPPSEC3115 – Carry, Operate and maintain revolvers for security purposes
    • CPPSEC3116 – Carry, Operate and maintain semi-automatic pistols for security purposes
    • CPPSEC3118 – Inspect and test cash-in-transit security equipment
    • CPPSEC3119 – Implement cash-in-transit security procedures
    • CPPSEC3120 – Load and unload cash-in-transit in secured and unsecured environments
    • CPPSEC3110 – Control persons using batons
    • CPPSEC3111 – Restrain persons using handcuffs
    • CPPSEC3125 – Implement security procedures to protect critical infrastructure and public assets
    • BSBFLM312 – Contribute to team effectiveness
    • CPPSEC3101 – Manage conflict and security risks through negotiation
    • CPPSEC3102 – Maintain operational safety and security of work environment
    • CPPSEC3103 – Determine and implement response to security risk situation
    • CPPSEC3104 – Coordinate monitoring and control of individual and crowd behaviour
    • CPPSEC3105 – Coordinate Provision of quality security services to clients
    • CPPSEC3106 – Gather, organise and present security information and documentation
    • HLTWHS003 – Maintain work health and safety
    • CPPSEC3110 – Control persons using batons
    • CPPSEC3111 – Restrain persons using handcuffs
    • CPPSEC3112 – Manage training and wellbeing of dogs for security functions
    • CPPSEC3113 – Handle dogs for security patrols
    • CPPSEC3121 – Control persons using empty hand techniques
    • CPPSEC3125 – Implement security procedures to protect critical infrastructure and public assets
    • CPP31418 Certificate III in Close Protection Operations
    • CPPSEC3101 Manage conflict and security risks through negotiation
    • CPPSEC3103 Determine and implement response to security risk situation
    • CPPSEC3105 Coordinate provision of quality security services to clients
    • HLTWHS003 Maintain work health and safety
    • HLTAID006 Provide advanced first aid
    • CPPSEC3121 Control persons using empty hand techniques
    • CPPSEC3122 Plan provision of close protection services
    • CPPSEC3123 Implement close protection services
    • TLIC1051 Operate commercial vehicle
    • BSBFLM312 Contribute to team effectiveness
    • CPPSEC3102 Maintain operational safety and security of work environment
    • CPPSEC3104 Coordinate monitoring and control of individual and crowd behaviour
    • CPPSEC3110 Control persons using batons
    • CPPSEC3111 Restrain persons using handcuffs
  • Private Security Business Licence applicants are required to demonstrate competency as part of their licence application. Competency for licencing is typically demonstrated via training or membership to an approved security industry organisation. Applicants who provide training as evidence of competency for licensing must obtain a Certificate IV in Security Management (comprised of 12 units, including 4 core units and 8 elective units).

    Core Units

    • CPPSEC4001 Manage work health and safety in the security work environment
    • CPPSEC4003 Assess and advise on client security needs
    • CPPSEC4005 Facilitate security operations briefing and debriefing processes
    • CPPSEC4022 Establish and implement ethics and governance arrangements for security businesses

      Elective Units

      Electives are to be chosen as follows: 

      1. You must either complete all units within Group A or all units within Group B; and
      2. Up to 4 units from Groups A, B or C (not already selected); and
      3. An elective unit must be selected from Group D or from any training package, as long as it contributes to a valid, industry-supported vocational outcome and maintains the AQF level of this qualification.

      Group A: Business Management

      • BSBESB402 Establish legal and risk management requirements of new business ventures
      • BSBHRM415 Coordinate recruitment and onboarding
      • BSBOPS401 Coordinate business resources
      • CPPSEC4023 Implement contracting arrangements for security businesses

      Group B: Supervision

      • BSBLDR413 Lead effective workplace relationships
      • BSBLDR414 Lead team effectiveness
      • BSBPEF402 Develop personal work priorities
      • CPPSEC4004 Supervise security operations

      Group C: Specialist

      • CPPINV4013 Undertake case management of investigations
      • CPPSEC4008 Assess and prepare security tender submissions
      • CPPSEC4009 Interpret electronic information from advanced technology security systems
      • CPPSEC4010 Manage monitoring centre operations
      • CPPSEC4011 Manage field staff activity and incident response from control room
      • CPPSEC4014 Commission and decommission networked security systems
      • CPPSEC4015 Maintain networked security systems
      • CPPSEC4016 Install networked security systems
      • CPPSEC4017 Design security system configurations and specifications
      • CPPSEC4018 Program and configure networked security systems
      • CPPSEC4019 Diagnose faults in networked security systems
      • CPPSEC4020 Advise on advanced technology security systems to meet client needs
      • CPPSEC4021 Develop standard operating procedures for advanced technology security systems

      Group D: General

      • BSBESB403 Plan finances for new business ventures
      • BSBFIA412 Report on financial activity
      • BSBHRM412 Support employee and industrial relations
      • BSBINN301 Promote innovation in a team environment
      • BSBITS411 Maintain and implement digital technology
      • BSBOPS404 Implement customer service strategies
      • BSBPEF402 Develop personal work priorities
      • BSBSTR402 Implement continuous improvement
      • PSPREG017 Undertake compliance audits

      For Further information refer to the training.gov.au website.

    1. This qualification comprises of 16 units, including 5 core units and 11 elective units.

      Core units

      • CPPINV3026 Work effectively in investigative services
      • CPPINV3027 Develop investigation plans
      • CPPINV3028 Investigate and locate subjects
      • CPPINV3029 Provide quality investigative services to clients
      • CPPSEC3124 Prepare and present evidence in court

        Elective units

        Electives are to be chosen as follows:

        1. You must complete all 8 units in Group A plus 3 units from any other group not already selected; or
        2. All 7 units in Group B plus 4 units from any other group not already selected; and
        3. Up to 1 unit may be selected from any Training Package, as long as it contributes to a valid, industry-supported vocational outcome and maintains the AQF level of this qualification.

        Group A: Factual Investigation

        • BSBESB305 Address compliance requirements for new business ventures
        • CPPINV3030 Conduct factual investigations
        • CPPINV3031 Conduct interviews and take statements to support investigations
        • CPPINV3032 Develop factual investigation reports
        • HLTWHS003 Maintain work health and safety
        • PSPCRT007 Compile and use official notes
        • PSPREG006 Produce formal record of interview
        • PSPSEC009 Handle sensitive information

        Group B: Surveillance

        • BSBESB305 Address compliance requirements for new business ventures
        • CPPINV3033 Conduct covert surveillance operations
        • CPPINV3034 Organise and operate surveillance vehicles
        • CPPINV3035 Develop surveillance investigation reports
        • HLTWHS003 Maintain work health and safety
        • PSPCRT007 Compile and use official notes
        • PSPSEC009 Handle sensitive information

        Group C: General Electives

        • AVIY3075
        • BSBSMB301
        • BSBESB401
        • BSBESB402
        • CPPSEC3101
        • FNSMCA303

        For further information refer to the training.gov.au website.

      1. Nil training qualifications requirements.

        • CPP30619 Investigators – 170 hours
        • CPP20218 Certificate II in Security Operations (Unarmed Guard & Crowd Control &/or Control Room Operator)  – 130 hours
        • CPP31318 Certificate III in Security Operations (Armed Guard) – 112 hours
        • CPP31318 Certificate III in Security Operations (Cash-in-Transit) – 112 hours
        • CPP31318 Certificate III in Security Operations (Combined Armed Guard & Cash-in-transit) – 136 hours
        • CPP31318 Certificate III in Security Operations (Guarding with a dog) – 157 hours
        • CPP31418 Certificate III in Close Protection Operations – 136 hours

      Additional training information

      • Providing evidence of training

        Evidence of training that has not previously been provided to the Licensing and Regulation Division is valid for 12 months from the date of completion.

        When renewing a current licence you do not need to provide evidence of training. If, however, your licence expires or is cancelled for 12 months or more, you will have to reapply and you will have to provide new training certificates.

      • The Licensing and Regulation Division will not accept any training qualifications or Statement of Results from applicants who have been out of the industry (have not held a security licence) for more than 12 months.

        You will be required to go to a licensed registered training provider to have your training qualifications or Statement of Results assessed.  Once assessed a new Statement of Results must be issued to reflect the current training requirements.

      • The holder of a firearm licence issued for the genuine reason of Security Guard (employee or owner-operator) or Prison Guard must re-qualify at an approved industry specific firearms training course once every financial year (1 July to 30 June).

        Upon providing evidence of having completed re-qualification training once each financial year, the expiry date of the training will be automatically set to 30 June the following financial year (eg. training completed at any time in the 2018/19 financial year will expire on 30 June 2020).

        The current approved security industry specific firearms training unit of competency is Control Security Risk Situation Using Firearms.

        This course is a two-day (16-hour) training program to be undertaken with an approved registered training organisation.

        A copy of the training document must be provided to the Licensing and Regulation Division either by post, email or fax, within seven days of the re-qualification having been completed.

        It is the personal responsibility of each licence holder to ensure that they provide the Licensing and Regulation Division with a copy of their certificate.

        While the Licensing and Regulation Division will accept certificates submitted by employers or trainers on behalf of licence holders, licence holders should not rely on, or assume that these parties will take responsibility for providing this documentation within the required time-frames.

        When providing evidence of training, licence holders should record their licence number on the training document to ensure records can be updated promptly.

        Failure to comply with the re-qualification requirement by the end of each financial year (30 June) may result in the immediate suspension of the firearms licence.

        If a firearms licence issued for private security or prison guard genuine reasons is suspended, a private security licence holder will not be able to handle firearms in the course of their employment regardless of whether their private security licence remains valid.

        Where a licence holder is unable to undertake the re-qualification training by the annual expiry date (30 June) for reasons out of their control they must immediately notify the Licensing and Regulation Division.

      • The Licensing and Regulation Division will not issue a new licence or registration if there is less than 12 months remaining on an applicant's visa.
        Applicants who are not Australian citizens or permanent residents should not undertake any security training if they:

        • will have less than 12 months remaining on their visa after the completion of that training
        • are not able to meet the suitability reference requirements
        • are not able to meet the identification requirements

        The Licensing and Regulation Division must also be satisfied that all visa holders applying for a licence or registration have the appropriate work rights before they will issue the licence or registration.

        Once the Licensing and Regulation Division has issued a licence or registration, it is the responsibility of the individual visa holder and prospective employers to ensure visa conditions are not being breached.

        Firearm licences for private security purposes can only be issued to Australian citizens or permanent residents. International applicants will not be endorsed for sub-activities for Armed Guard or Cash- in-Transit.

      • Overseas students in Australia on student visas should be aware that there are additional requirements for the recognition of security training for licensing purposes.

        The Licensing and Regulation Division will only recognise security courses completed by overseas students that satisfy two conditions:

        Private security licence applications received from student visa holders who have been issued with a qualification from an RTO that does not have the relevant CRICOS registration will be deemed non-compliant and may be refused.

        RTOs registered with CRICOS may not offer security courses that are CRICOS registered. It is the responsibility of students to ensure that any course they complete is CRICOS registered prior to enrolment.

      Reviewed 18 June 2021

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